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Plaza de Oriente

118 Reviews
based on 3181 reviews
No. 17 of Top Best Things to Do in Madrid
Recommended sightseeing time:1 hour
Calle de Bailen, 17, 28013 MadridMap
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The sculpture of Philip IV of Madrid's Oriental Plaza, with its unique and majestic shape, brought the Oriental Plaza to fire. Oriental Plaza, built by the invader King José Bonaparte I (brother of Napoleon), was completed in 1844, adjacent to the east gate of the Palace of Madrid (main gate) to the west and connected to the Royal Theatre to the southeast. The square's spacious boulevards, neat green plants, beautiful round fountains, neat tall statues (about 20 statues of Spanish kings), are full of French style. The bronze statue of the marble pedestal at the C-place of the square is a 12-metre-high Philip IV rod-drawn sculpture built in 1640. Most of the riding sculptures are three hoofs landing on the ground, ensuring the sculpture's stability with three pivots. To show the power of Felipe IV, the sculpture emptied the front hoof of the horse, but the technology at the time was difficult to balance the bronze statue. Galileo, the father of modern physics, gave the answer and used two methods to achieve balance: one is to cleverly make the horse tail to the ground, the horse tail and the rear hoof form a 3-point balance; the second is to make the horse's rear adopt a solid state, the front is hollow state, so that the center of gravity is moved back to three pivots. Thus, the sculpture of the vacated by the horses' double hoofs was born horizontally, and it is still proud of the Qunxiong and Weizhen Quartet.

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