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Popular Historic Sites Attractions in Europe

Colosseum
Rome·Italy
4.6/5
2,677 Reviews
Historical Site
The Colosseum may be the most famous landmark in all of Rome. It was built in 80 AD and was once the site of many gladiator battles to the death, and prisoners fended off hungry lions. The Colosseum consists of four floors in total (including the basement), however only part of the ground floor and second floor are currently open to the public. The first floor offers a view of the maze-like buildings in the center of the Colosseum that were once part of the basement of the structure. They were once the homes of the beasts and gladiators that would be made to fight for the entertainment of the crowds. From the second floor, one can see the interior structure of the Colosseum which is divided into three parts: the arena, the auditorium and the podium. It is also a perfect location for taking unforgettable photos.
Palace of Versailles
Versailles·France
4.6/5
1,957 Reviews
UNESCO World Heritage-Cultural Site    
Palace
The Palace of Versailles is famous throughout the world for its luxurious and imaginative architectural design. The primary attractions of the site are all located on the second floor of the main building. Perhaps the most famous one is the Hall of Mirrors. The Gallery of Great Battles is also one of the palace's highlights. The interior decoration in the gallery primarily features paintings of Louis XIV battling Spain and Germany. The palace grounds feature an extraordinarily large and gorgeously designed French garden with extremely symmetrical geometry. The Neptune Fountain can be considered the centerpiece of the gardens. To the north of the main building is the Latona Fountain; to the south of the main building are many attractions such as the orangerie and greenhouses.
Winter Palace
Saint Petersburg·Russia
4.7/5
1,039 Reviews
Museum
Palace
St. Petersburg’s State Hermitage Museum, or Winter Palace, stands among the Louvre in Paris, The British Museum in London and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York as one of the four largest art museums in the world. It was established when Empress Catherine the Great received a massive art collection in 1764, housing paintings, sculptures and other forms of art from various European countries. There are four major attractions not to be missed among the vast collection, including the Ancient Egyptian Art exhibit (Showroom 100), Peacock Clock (Showroom 204), Da Vinci’s “Madonna Litta” (Showroom 214) and Rembrandt’s “The Return of the Prodigal Son” (Showroom 254).
The Moscow Kremlin
Moscow·Russia
4.7/5
1,097 Reviews
UNESCO World Heritage-Cultural Site    
The Kremlin is located in the heart of Moscow and serves as the presidential residence. The word Kremlin means “fortress inside a city” in Russian. It is the heart of the country’s capital and was once the site of the Imperial Palace of Russia. Inside the thick palace walls lies the magnificent architectural complex that was once the palace of the Tsars, as well as the Cathedral of the Archangel where the remains of many past Tsars rest, where members of the royal family were married and baptized and which was the site of each Tsar’s coronation ceremony. Dormition Cathedral is home to the ancient clock tower of Ivan the Terrible, the State Armory, as well as the Presidential Palace and the Grand Auditorium built in the Soviet era.
Buckingham Palace
London·United Kingdom
4.6/5
1,570 Reviews
Palace
Buckingham Palace has been the official residence of the British royal family since the 19th century. Currently, it is the London location in which the Queen spends most of her time. The palace is splendid both inside and outside. Some of the more than 600 rooms in the palace include the Throne Room, White Drawing Room, Ballroom and Picture Gallery. At the gates of Buckingham Palace, the Changing the Guard (or Guard Mounting) ceremony by the Queen's Guard takes place at 11 a.m. most days of the week. It attracts and interests tourists from around the world. Marching with great pomp and precision to military music and shouted orders, the guards—dressed in traditional red coats and bearskin hats—do a drill performance and salute.
Edinburgh Castle
Edinburgh·United Kingdom
4.6/5
1,109 Reviews
Castle
Edinburgh Castle stands tall at the center of the city atop an extinct volcano. The castle on top of the cliffs is imposingly magnificent. A witness to Scotland's long history, it has served as a royal residence, a military fortress and even a prison. In later eras, the king began to renovate the castle into a residential palace. Currently, the oldest extant part of the building is a small chapel which was built in the 11th century. It can be said that Edinburgh Castle is at the core of Scottish national history. On display in the castle you can see the Scottish crown jewels and the famous Stone of Destiny. Historically, Scottish royalty sat on it during their coronation ceremony.
Schonbrunn Palace
Vienna·Austria
4.6/5
951 Reviews
UNESCO World Heritage-Cultural Site    
Palace
Schönbrunn Palace is a former summer residence of the Austrian royal family, the Habsburg family. It is located in the southwest of Vienna and is one of Austria’s cultural landmarks. The interior of the palace is extremely luxurious, featuring a sophisticated Rococo decor. The legendary empress Maria Theresa and her husband, King Franz I, lived here for many years and saw a huge remodel of the palace, its refurbishments still present today. The famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart once performed for the Austrian empress Maria Theresa here when she was a teenager. The palace building is surrounded by beautiful gardens, fountains and even a zoo on one side. Visitors can purchase tickets for the zoo separately.
Santa Maria del Fiore
Florence·Italy
4.6/5
1,283 Reviews
Church
UNESCO World Heritage-Cultural Site    
The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is the main church of the Catholic Diocese of Florence. It is the third-largest cathedral in the world and a symbol of the Italian city. In 1982, the cathedral was listed as a World Heritage Site and part of the historical center of Florence. The outside of the church is matched with bright red, dark green, and white marble to form spectacular geometric designs that display the classical, elegant and free interpretation characteristic of the Renaissance era. It is both dramatic and beautiful from any angle.
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