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About Qufu

Located in the southwest of Shandong Province, Qufu is an ancient holy city with a long history, numerous cultural relics and fascinating historical sites. It is the birthplace not only of Confucius, Yanzi and Mencius, but also the Yellow Emperor, father of the nation of China. Confucius was one of the greatest philosophers in the history of the world, and is the founder of Chinese Confucian culture. Qufu’s Kong Family Mansion, Confucius Temple and Confucius Forest are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites for their prominent position in Chinese history and eastern culture.

Popular Attractions in Qufu

Qufu’s Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and Kong Family Mansion
7,914 Reviews
The Temple of Confucius, Kong Family Mansion, and Cemetery of Confucius represent holy land memorialized throughout the history of China. The Temple of Confucius was built from the remains of Confucius's old residence and is a famous place for making offerings to the scholar. The scale of the Kong Family Mansion is second in China only to the Forbidden City, and it served for hundreds of years as the long-term residence of Confucius’s descendants. The Cemetery of Confucius is the burial site of Confucius and his descendants.
Temple of Confucius
2,619 Reviews
The Temple of Confucius was converted from his residence and is famous in China as a place to make offerings to the scholar. The temple is enormous, covering nine courtyards. The majestic complex includes over one hundred structures lined up facing each other along the central pathway. Today, offerings to Confucius are still continuously being made here, and scheduled major music and dance events draw many people who dress in traditional Chinese dress and come to worship Confucius.
Kong Family Mansion
1,347 Reviews
UNESCO World Heritage-Cultural Site    
The Kong Family Mansion lies to the east of the Temple of Confucius. It was the historical residence of the direct descendants of Confucius and is a typical example of architecture from Chinese feudal society. The building contains official spaces and residential quarters. The enormous mansion has nine courtyards and over 400 rooms. There are a large number of historical relics on display.
Cemetery of Confucius
550 Reviews
Located north of Qufu, the Cemetery of Confucius is also known as "Zhisheng Forest," where Confucius and his descendants were buried. Since Confucius was buried here in 479 BC, his descendants were also buried here, and there are about 100,000 tombs so far. The Cemetery of Confucius is a very large, long-standing and well-preserved complex of tombs and artificial gardens.

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8 Aug, 2020
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Trip Moments

There is also a Confucius Temple in Qufu, Shandong Province, which has been listed on the World Heritage List Shandong Qufu for more than a thousand years. It was once the capital of Lu State more than 2,000 years ago, or the hometown of Confucius. Although the city is small, it has a profound culture and far-reaching influence. In the urban area, there are three-hole scenic spots represented by Confucius Temple, Confucius and Konglin, which are included in the world cultural heritage. However, there is not only one Confucius Temple in Qufu. There is a Nishan Mountain 25 kilometers from the urban area to the southeast. This is the birthplace of Confucius. There is also a Confucius Temple in Nishan. There are not many people who know it. The Nishan sacred scenic spot is built on the cultural connotation of the birthplace of Confucius and promotes traditional culture. The Nishan Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy are part of the scenic spot. Nishan Confucius Temple is a temple dedicated to Confucius's father, Shu Liang, who was rebuilt in the Song and Jin Dynasties and changed to worship Confucius. It has a history of nearly a thousand years and is the second Confucius Temple in Qufu. At the entrance to the Confucius Temple in Nishan, there is a pavilion called Guanchuan Pavilion. There is a record in the Analects of Confucius, and the son is in Sichuan: "The deceased is like a husband, and he stays up late." When Confucius watched Sichuan here, he felt that time flies. Nishan Confucius Temple has undergone renovation and expansion of the dynasties, and it has the scale of today. The existing Nishan Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy are buildings of the Qing Dynasty. They are now state-level key cultural protection units. They are also included in the World Cultural Heritage Reserve List as an extension project of the Three Holes. Confucius's father, Shu Liang, was the doctor of Lu Guozhen at that time. His land was in the Nishan area and he lived in Luyuan Village, Nishan, today. Confucius was born in Nishan and lived in Nishan in his childhood. Later, after his father died, he moved to the Confucius Temple in Qufu City with his mother. Nishan Confucius Temple is divided into three roads, five courtyards, and there are more than 80 halls. The Dacheng Hall is the main building of the Confucius Temple. There are five. There is a lecture hall, a wall, and a land in the east road. There is a temple in the west, and the father of the Confucius is Liang Shu. After the Confucius Temple, it is the Nishan Academy, which is the place where the ancient school lectured, which is equivalent to the current school. The entire building covers an area of about 1.6 hectares and has 27 large and small buildings such as temples, churches, plaques and pavilions. There is also a Confucius Cave under the Confucius Temple in Nishan. It is a naturally formed cave. It is said that this is the place where Confucius was born. After Confucius's mother Yan Zheng, after praying for Nishan, she went to work when she came home, and produced Confucius in the cave. Nishan is the Taishan Beidou of Chinese traditional culture and scholarship. It has been highly valued in the past dynasties. In the Song Dynasty, Feng Nishan was a sacred priest, and it was built in the same way. To experience the charm of traditional culture in Nishan, Qufu is a charming little town.
Posted: 7 May, 2019 is part of Group Limited, one of the world's leading providers of travel services.
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