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Ni Mountain
There is also a Confucius Temple in Qufu, Shandong Province, which has been listed on the World Heritage List Shandong Qufu for more than a thousand years. It was once the capital of Lu State more than 2,000 years ago, or the hometown of Confucius. Although the city is small, it has a profound culture and far-reaching influence. In the urban area, there are three-hole scenic spots represented by Confucius Temple, Confucius and Konglin, which are included in the world cultural heritage. However, there is not only one Confucius Temple in Qufu. There is a Nishan Mountain 25 kilometers from the urban area to the southeast. This is the birthplace of Confucius. There is also a Confucius Temple in Nishan. There are not many people who know it. The Nishan sacred scenic spot is built on the cultural connotation of the birthplace of Confucius and promotes traditional culture. The Nishan Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy are part of the scenic spot. Nishan Confucius Temple is a temple dedicated to Confucius's father, Shu Liang, who was rebuilt in the Song and Jin Dynasties and changed to worship Confucius. It has a history of nearly a thousand years and is the second Confucius Temple in Qufu. At the entrance to the Confucius Temple in Nishan, there is a pavilion called Guanchuan Pavilion. There is a record in the Analects of Confucius, and the son is in Sichuan: "The deceased is like a husband, and he stays up late." When Confucius watched Sichuan here, he felt that time flies. Nishan Confucius Temple has undergone renovation and expansion of the dynasties, and it has the scale of today. The existing Nishan Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy are buildings of the Qing Dynasty. They are now state-level key cultural protection units. They are also included in the World Cultural Heritage Reserve List as an extension project of the Three Holes. Confucius's father, Shu Liang, was the doctor of Lu Guozhen at that time. His land was in the Nishan area and he lived in Luyuan Village, Nishan, today. Confucius was born in Nishan and lived in Nishan in his childhood. Later, after his father died, he moved to the Confucius Temple in Qufu City with his mother. Nishan Confucius Temple is divided into three roads, five courtyards, and there are more than 80 halls. The Dacheng Hall is the main building of the Confucius Temple. There are five. There is a lecture hall, a wall, and a land in the east road. There is a temple in the west, and the father of the Confucius is Liang Shu. After the Confucius Temple, it is the Nishan Academy, which is the place where the ancient school lectured, which is equivalent to the current school. The entire building covers an area of about 1.6 hectares and has 27 large and small buildings such as temples, churches, plaques and pavilions. There is also a Confucius Cave under the Confucius Temple in Nishan. It is a naturally formed cave. It is said that this is the place where Confucius was born. After Confucius's mother Yan Zheng, after praying for Nishan, she went to work when she came home, and produced Confucius in the cave. Nishan is the Taishan Beidou of Chinese traditional culture and scholarship. It has been highly valued in the past dynasties. In the Song Dynasty, Feng Nishan was a sacred priest, and it was built in the same way. To experience the charm of traditional culture in Nishan, Qufu is a charming little town.
Nishan Academy, also known as Nishan Birthday School, is a temple dedicated to Confucius. Nishan Academy and Shu Academy, Shimen Academy, Chunqiu Academy are also known as Qufu Four College. There are two stone monuments on the outside of the door. One is the Ming Dynasty, and the four characters of the "Nishan Academy" are engraved on the door. One is the monument of the "Secretary of the Confucius of the Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty". The first gate of the Nishan Academy is called Xingxingmen. It was built in the high-standard form during the 27th year of Qing Daoguang (1847). There was a king under the original spirit, and now it is gone. There is a stone tablet and a tablet pavilion on the west side of the door. The stone tablet records the process of Hong Kong businessman Guo Yuxiang donating money to repair the temple in 1924. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in a special period. Some of the handwritings that are still preserved are still vigorous and very beautiful. The second door is called Dachengmen. There are three main halls and three hatchbacks in the door. There are more than ten stone monuments in the Yuan, Ming, Qing and the Republic of China during and outside the temple. It is an important material for understanding the history of the birthplace of Confucius and its architectural complex. Emperor Kangxi wrote the book "The Master of the Emperor of the Thousands of Heaven, the Table of the World's People" for the Confucius Temple. In the Confucius Temple of Nishan, there is a statue of Confucius wearing a crown of twelve beads. This is the number that the emperor can wear. Because he is a "king of the king", there is no land, no people, as long as human history and culture exist, the power of his throne It will always exist. The Guanchuan Pavilion at the east side of the Nishan Academy is located in the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty. It is a memorial to the pavilion in 1336. The pavilion is a wooden frame structure with no arches and single ash tiles. Rest on the top of the mountain. Standing on the telescope platform in front of the Guanchuan Pavilion, you can see the Yanmu Mountain named after the Confucius mother Yan Zheng. The river flowing at the foot of the Yanmu Mountain is the Weihe River. Looking south is the Nishan Reservoir. Also known as Confucius Lake. According to legend, Confucius is here to see Zhiyuan River, Fuzi River, Zhangma River, Yanmu River, Tianhuang River, Wuchuan Confluence, and Linchuan sigh, "The Analects of Confucius": "Zi Shangchuan: The Deceased Husband, staying up late." The legendary Confucius was born or caved by a tiger--the Fuzi Cave. There is a stone monument in front of the cave, which is under the cliff on the east side of Guanchuan Pavilion. It is also called "Kun Ling Cave". It is a natural stone room with natural stone beds in the cave. "The stone pillows in the middle stone bed are all natural, and they are not movable."
Knight Rider
Kong Family Mansion
Confucius is one of the most representative saints in our history and one of the most influential sages in the world. His hometown is in Qufu, Shandong. Later, in order to commemorate him, he established a Confucius in Qufu. It is said that Confucius lived in the same year. at this place. Many come to Confucius and simply use it as a scenic spot to play, just take a look. In fact, if you look at it casually, there is really nothing to look at. You must have a historical and cultural sentiment to visit this Confucius House. In the first hall of Confucius, you can see the magnificent layout. Is this environment similar to the imperial palace? At this time, many people may wonder if the architectural features of this Confucius Temple would be the origin of royal architecture. I believe that people who are careful will find a phenomenon, that is, there will be different totems on the roof of each room. These totems must look like a big article. At this time, I thought of the Huizhou architecture in Weinan and saw the emblem. The building is so similar to the Confucius house building, we can easily find that there must be a certain relationship between the two. Through history, we can easily find that the dynasty emperors of Confucius are very respectful of Confucius. They are all based on the "six art" of Confucius. Therefore, the building quotes the architectural aspects of Confucius, and Huizhou is for thousands of years. Concentration of feudal history. Therefore, the buildings of Confucius are the same as the Huizhou architecture, which represents the traditional Chinese national treasure art. In this Confucius, you can find many elements related to Chinese history and culture. It seems that you understand a lot of knowledge and phenomena that are not seen in books. Such a trip may be our current study tour. Concept?
Steven Zhang
The tour around Beijing is different! Two hours of high-speed rail, the hometown of Confucius walked! Who said that the tour around Beijing must be in Beijing! ? Science and technology change life, sit on the high-speed rail for two and a half hours, do not traffic jam to Shandong, weekend tour, Kong Shengren's hometown Qufu walked. Nishan Holy Land, rich experience, full of harvest. Night to visit Nishan, see the gorgeous night scene: Nishan Holy Land, autumn night, the huge statue of Confucius stands quietly, can be seen anywhere. The water curtain performance at night was unusually shocking, the flowing classical poetry, the galloping fountain, the chimes, horses and phoenix shapes that the drones made in the air, the classics of Chinese culture that passed down the millennium, and the story of a generation of saint Confucius. . The grassland and the otter in the scenic spot can be seen everywhere. I am very busy with the electronic lanterns. University Hall Experience hand-painted rabbits: In addition to the visit, there are also Chinese learning experiences for parents and children. In the workshop of the University Hall, I worked with a rabbit. Of course, I am responsible for the hands-on, he is responsible for the command. In addition to painting rabbits, there are also hand-painted Juan fans, hand-painted lanterns and other projects. Quietly complete a handmade work of his own, take home, is a good travel hand to do, travel memories. Handwriting the Analects of Confucius, the study of Chinese culture: on the second floor of the university hall, you can also experience the handwritten analects. Similarly, I am responsible for copying the Analects and I am responsible for watching. However, in the process of copying, I have been reading it for "Knowledge is known, I don't know if I don't know, I know it." Chinese studies and inheritance are not overnight. In the university hall, many children wear Chinese clothes and carefully copy and study. Still feel beautiful and very cute. "Golden Sound Yuzhen", shocking the body and mind: In the Nishan Holy Land University Hall, the large indoor ritual performance "Golden Sound Yu Zhen" shocked me! The perfect combination of sound, light, electricity, poetry, music and dance, the changing stage set, character shape, rhythm and relaxation of the plot, interpretation of "the Confucius of the world" and "the world of Confucius", will "the life of Mingli The stage version of the "way" is perfectly conveyed. I was two and a half years old and I saw that I was especially involved. Coordinates: Qufu. Nishan Holy Land Practical tips: 1, night tour Nishan Lantern Festival and performance until November 3, there are many games every night / Hh/2, Baigongfang experience time 10:30-21:00 3, "Jinsheng Yuzhen" performance in the independent hall of the university hall, many times a day 4, Nishan Holy Land, Beijing departure Two and a half hours of high-speed rail, it is recommended to buy tickets one week in advance. Beijing South ~ Qufu East.
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