Zurich is the capital of the Canton of Zürich and one of the more affluent cities in Europe. It is located in the northern part of the Alps, at the northwestern end of Lake Zurich, at the mouth of the Limmat and Lake Zurich. Zurich means “water town” in Crete. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Zurich became the cultural, educational and scientific center of Switzerland's main German-speaking nation. Zurich is located in the trade route from France to Eastern Europe and from Germany to Italy. It is also a water, land and air transportation hub. The industry and commerce have always flourished, especially in the silk industry, which is the center of the silk industry in the north of the medieval Alps.