From 1954 to 1957, archaeologists carried out 5 large-scale excavations of Banpo Site. The excavation area was 10,000 square meters. A total of 45 houses, 2 fences, more than 200 cellars, pottery and pottery were excavated. There are 6 kiln sites, 250 tombs (including 174 adult tombs and 73 child urn coffins), and about 10,000 production tools and daily necessities have been unearthed . The production tools mainly include stone axe, stone adze, stone shovel, stone hoe, spearhead, arrow, harpoon, fish hook, spinning wheel, bone needle and so on. There are also stone grinders (including mortars and grinding stones, which are tools for grinding paint), and grain crops such as millet have been found. The living utensils are mainly colored pottery, the types include bowls, bowls, basins, pots, plates, cups, pots, jars, retorts, kettles, tripods, urns, etc. In a clay pot, charred rapeseeds, which belong to the category of cabbage and mustard, are also stored. Many figures are painted on the colored pottery, and the surface of the utensils is mostly decorated with rope patterns and thread patterns. There are also patterns such as human faces, fish, deer, and plants, with black patterns on a red background. There are as many as 20-30 kinds of symbols on the mouth of some pottery bowls. These symbols may be the origin of Chinese characters.
At the Banpo Site Museum in Xi’an, there are excavated stone axes, adzes, stone shovels, stone knives, stone mills and other production tools, as well as pottery pots, pots, and small-mouthed bottles. Agriculture is the mainstay, and fishing and hunting are supplemented. They have a strong aesthetic concept, and painted human faces, fish, deer, plants and other elephant-like patterns, triangles and dots on painted pottery.
Banpo Museum has a collection of more than 30,000 cultural relics and more than 200 first-class products. In the collection there are about 3,000 stone tools, 14,000 pottery pieces, more than 3,700 other texture objects, more than 200 human bone specimens, and about 200 paleontological fossils and ancient human fossil specimens. The fish pattern patterns on the pottery of Banpo site are representative, among which the human face pattern of the fish in the mouth is the most distinctive.
Judging from the production tools such as stone axes, adzes, stone shovels, stone knives, stone mills, and life utensils such as clay pots, pots, and small-mouthed bottles unearthed in Banpo, Banpo people live mainly on agriculture, supplemented by fishing and hunting. life. They have a strong aesthetic concept, and painted human faces, fish, deer, plants and other elephant-like patterns, triangles and dots on painted pottery.
From 1954 to 1957, presided over by the archaeologist Mr. Shi Xingbang, he successively carried out 5 large-scale excavations of Banpo Site. Nearly 200 people participated in the excavation work, with a total area of 10,000 square meters. From 2002 to 2005, in conjunction with the construction of the renovation project of the Banpo Site Protection Hall, important relics such as sacrificial ceremonies and important relics such as stone inks were discovered.